Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Suwon Hwaseong Fortress

UNESCO World Cultural Heritage
Suwon Hwaseong Fortress

Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, which is Historic Sites NO.3, was built over two years and nine months, from January 1794 to September 1796, by King Jeongjo, the 22nd king of Joseon Dynasty, to move the tomb of his father Crown Prince Jangheon, also known as Crown Prince Sado, because of his filial duty to his father. The wall is approximately 5.7 kilometers in length and varies between 4 to 6 meters and had designed by the Silhak Scholars Yu, Hyeong-won and Jeong, Yak-yong. It is known as the unique structure in the history of architecture because of using stones and bricks together, having modern fortress structure to defend arrows, spears, swords, guns and cannons, standardizing materials, constructing with new mechanic apparatus such as Geojunggi to be scientific and practical. For 200 years the walls and structures had been collapsed from the completing construction, particularly during the Korean war. However, restoration and repair the fortress has started since 1975 based on the books recording in detail the Suwon Hwaseong Fortress Construction named <Hwaseong Seongyeokuigwe>. Suwon Hwaseong Fortress was registered as a World Heritage Site in the 21st Assembly of UNESCO World Heritage Committee held in Napoli, Italy on 6th of December, 1997.

Four Main Gates(Paldalmun / Janganmun / Hwaseomun / Changnyongmun)

Four Main Gates had been used for going in and out of Suwon Hwaseong Fortress. Particularly Paldalmun and Janganmun, the main entrances of south and north, have their unique structures as a tower gate is set up on the 2nd floor of the rainbow gate which is made of stones and the gates are surrounded by the semicircular brick walls.

Jangdae(Seojangdae / Dongjangdae)

There are two Jangdaes, Command Posts. One of them is SeoJangdae, where military command had been taken around the fortress at the summit of the Paldal Mountain. A long distance is seen here at a glance in every direction also called HwaseongJangdae as military headquarters of Suwon Hwaseong Fortress.

Poru(砲樓)(Seo-Poru / Bukdong-Poru / Dong-Poru / Bukseo-Poru / Nam-Poru)

DongPoru / SeoPoru / NamPoru / BukdongPoru / BukseoPoru
There are five three-story-Poru, Sentry Posts, made of bricks in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress. There are 2 loopholes with holes made for fire a gun are placed in front and 3 loopholes in the left and right on the ground. Bricks are above the loopholes and boards are put together inside the one to separate into two floors.

Poru(鋪樓)(Dongbuk-Poru / Buk-Poru / Dongil-Poru / Dongi-Poru)
The bottom was laid with stones and from the middle was laid with bricks so that soldiers could hide into a lookout established above Chiseong to be out of the enemy's view. A pavilion is built on it. A board is laid to form a tower, and holes are made to shoot arrows in the left and right.

For announcing an emergency situation, Bongdon has the projected wall that is laid with bricks and five beacon towers above them. Shooting holes are made on the wall for defense against the enemy.

(Seosamchi / Seoilchi / Seoichi / Yongdoseochi / Dongilchi / Dongichi / 
Yongdodongchi / Dongsamchi / Namchi / Bukdongchi)

Chi(Chiseong) is projected out a certain distance from the wall to monitor and attack enemies who had already reached the Fortress.

Gongsimdon(DongbukGongsimdon / SeobukGongsimdon)
Gongsimdon is a kind of an observation tower to lookout enemies inside the structure. DongbukGongsimdon, particularly, is one of the most unique buildings in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress. It had been imitated by Pyeongdon in Liao Dong, China so bricks were laid in an oval shape.

Buksumun_Hwahongmun(Namsumun / Buksumun)
It is a floodgate established in the north part of Suwoncheon which is a stream flowing across Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, and the plate of the gate was written as Hwahongmun. Buksumun was the classic structure with various functions, the solidity and wonderful appearance at the time. Namsumun has been restored on the 9th of June, 2012.

Ammun( Seonamammun / Bukammun / Dongammun / Seoammun)
Setting up in a deep spot to supply war supplies into the fortress without being caught by enemies. In case of emergency, Ammun could be closed by filling up with stones and some earth laid next to the gate.

Gangnu(Dongbukgangnu / Seobukgangnu / Dongnamgangnu / Seonamgangnu)
It had been set up on the military fortress to monitor the surroundings and occasionally take a rest. There are four places of Gangnu in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress. Particularly DongbukGaknu is called Banghwasuryujeong.

Nodae(Dongbuknodae / Seonodae)
Nodae is a defensive structure placed at the summit of the mountain to shoot a catapult, and there are two places of Nodae in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress. One of them is DongbukNodae was made from bricks laid above Chiseong otherwise SeoNodae was built inside the wall.

Jeokdae(Bukseojeokdae / Bukdongjeokdae)
Jeokdae is defensive structure next to the left and right side of the gate to block enemies approaching gates and forts. The half part of Jeokdae is projected outward and the other part is projected into the wall. It was built higher than the Fortress in order to monitor movements and approaches of enemies.

Hwaseong Trolley

Hwaseong Trolley consists of a power train and three tourists' trains. The front part symbolizes vigorous driving power of King Jeongjo in the form of a dragon head. The tourists' trains represent the king's chair symbolizing the king's authority.

Operating hour 
10:00a.m.~05:00p.m. (Snowy or rainy day, and sub-zero weather)
Tiket Office
Mt. Paldal(in front of the General Gang Gam-chan's Statue) / Yeonmudae
Adult KRW 1,500 / Teenagers KRW 1,100 / Children KRW 700
※ Group(20 Persons, at least) : Adult KRW1,200 / Youth KRW 850 / Children KRW 550
Mt. Paldal→Hwaseomun→JanganPark→Janganmun→Hwahongmun→Yeonmudae
(※ 30 minutes for single ride (Available return ride) / Possible to get off at Jangan Park and Hwaseomun. NOT to reboard.)

Experiencing Korean Traditional Archery

Tourists experience Korean traditional archery at Yeonmudae in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress where solider practised Martial Art 210 years ago.

All the year around (Unavailable at a snowy or rainy day)

Available in KRW 2,000 per time(10 shots) / 2 times in total(20 shots)

Experiencing striking a bell of Hyowon, Filial Piety

The Bell is at the top of the Paldal Mountain and representing the symbolic image of Suwon as a city of filial piety. Tourists may pray for wishes for their parents, families and own hope whild striking the bell by themselves.

Operating hours
10:00a.m.~06:00p.m.(winter season 05:00p.m.)
San1-1 Namchang-dong, Paldal-gu, Suwon (the top of the Paldal Mountain)

KRW 1,000(1 to 2 persons) / KRW 2,000(3 to 4 persons)

Admission fee
Adult KRW1,000 / Youth KRW 700 / Children KRW 500
※ Group(20 Persons, at least) : Adult KRW700 / Youth KRW 500 / Children KRW 300

Integranted Admission fee
(Tikets are available at Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, Hwaseong Haenggung, Suwon Museum, 
and Suwon Hwaseong Museum.)
Adult KRW3,500 / Youth KRW 2,000 / Children KRW 600
※ Group(20 Persons, at least) : Adult KRW2,000 / Youth KRW 1,200 / Children KRW 400

09:00a.m. ~ 06:00p.m.(Winter season 05:00p.m.)
Tour course
A Course(1 and half hour) : Hwahongmun→Dongbukhangnu(Banghwasuryujeong)
→Dongjangdae(Yeonmudae)→Hwaseong Trolley Platform→Mt.Paldal
B Course(2 hours) : A Course→Bell of Hyowon→Seojangdae

Suwon Cultural Foundation

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